Maggio Musicale Fiorentino
Maggio Musicale Fiorentino Festival is an annual opera festival which was founded in April 1933 by conductor Vittorio Gui with the aim of presenting contemporary and forgotten operas in visually dramatic productions. It was the first music festival in Italy. The first opera presented was Verdi’s early Nabucco, his early operas then being rarely staged. It now takes place between late April, May and into June, typically with four operas.
The first festival’s success led to it becoming a biennial event in 1937 with the presentation of nine operas, but after 1937, it became an annual festival, except during the Second World War. Performances take place in the Teatro Comunale and Teatro Piccolo (as the name suggests, for smaller-scale operas), plus the historic Teatro della Pergola.
The present Artistic Director is Paolo Arc and, since 1985, the principal conductor is Zubin Mehta.